Most homeowners are not particularly aware of the jargons used in home improvement projects particularly roofing terms. Some roofing contractors often use terms that are unfamiliar to owners leaving them confused.
Hence, before having that dreaded discussion with your roofer, it’s always best to brush up on the terms so that you understand what you’re getting into. This will also help you make informed choices before proceeding with any project.
Here are some of the roofing terms you should know.
Accelerated Weathering – When materials are exposed to certain environmental elements including water, heat, light or condensation, it can result in magnified effects. Hence, the process is called accelerated weathering. During this stage, the materials are compared and measured to its original unexposed state.
Asphalt – This refers to a roofing substance that is considered to be the most common type used by many roofing contractors in the U.S. Asphalt is composed of an organic bituminous compound used in producing shingles. Asphalt shingles are easy to install and are inexpensive.
Caulk – This substance is used in filling a void in the material.
Cement – Cement is a substance that binds the surfaces together.
Chalking – Is the degradation of an ingredient in the paint, coating, or other types of materials used.
Dead Load – A dead load is a permanent non-moving load. The load is due to the weight of the roof assembly, building structure and components as well as the electrical and mechanical equipment used. It is also the same as the term “dead weight.”
Dormer – This pertains to the small structure you usually see sticking out from the roof’s slant.
Eave – Refers to the horizontal sectional edge of a roof that extends over the outer wall of your house.
Fascia – Refers to the boards mounted over exposed rafters. A fascia to offers additional protection from various elements.
Flashing – This material is used in waterproofing a roof in order to keep it airtight.
Gutter – A gutter is also called as an eave trough. It’s a piece of structure that acts as a channel that transports the water from the roof to the downspout.
Granules – It makes up the exposed surface materials of the asphalt shingles and is usually made up of crushed rocks. Granules appear colored and protect the shingles from sun exposure and fire.
Impact Resistance – This describes the roofing material’s ability in resisting damage. Some of the most common damages occur from falling objects on the surface or foot traffic to name a few.
Truss – A truss refers to the pieces of materials that are used as additional support to the rafters.
Ridge – This describes two sloping planes intersecting in the roof. Thus creating a horizontal angle which is often referred to as a ridge.
Underlayment – This is the material installed beneath the asphalt shingles. It provides an extra layer of protection to the roof.
Vent – Installing a roof deck requires a proper ventilation system. A vent is the type of device used to functions as an air ventilation outlet